Grain elevator

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A grain elevator is a building used to store grain and prepare it for eventual shipment.[1] It is usually a tall frame, metal, or concrete structure with compartments inside, or it can be an interconnected series of buildings. It can also mean the device for loading grain into a building. A grain storage facility on a farm is usually called the granary.

They are often located near railroad lines. Until the 1930s, most grain elevators were owned by railroad companies. [2]

Modern grain elevators are powered by internal combustion engines or electric motors.

The first grain elevators in the U.S. were constructed in the 1840s by Joseph Dart, a retail merchant in Buffalo, NY.[3] He designed structures that could be located near shipping ports and that would take advantage of gravity to force grain through chutes into bins or trucks for easy transportation.

References[edit]

  1. What is a Grain Elevator?. WiseGeek.
  2. grain elevator (agriculture). Encyclopaedia Britannica.
  3. Grain Elevators - History. Buffalo History Works.