Prior to joining the IMF, she was CEO of the World Bank from January 2017 to December 2019. She was also interim president of the World Bank for three months during that time.
Before that, she served as European Commission vice president for budget and human resources, overseeing its €161 billion (US $175bn) budget and 33,000 staff. She helped address the Eurozone debt crisis and the 2015 refugee crisis.
Before joining the European Commission, she was commissioner for international cooperation, humanitarian aid and crisis response.
She also worked for 17 years at the World Bank before joining the European Commission, serving in several senior positions such as: World Bank director for sustainable development, World Bank director for the Russian Federation, World Bank director for environment and director for environment and social development East Asia and Pacific Region. She joined the bank as an environmental economist in 1993.
She was born in Sofia, Bulgaria.
She holds a Ph.D in Economic Science and a M.A. in Political Economy and Sociology from the University of National and World Economy, Sofia.
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